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OBESITY: CAUSES, IMPLICATIONS, TREATMENT/PREVENTION

OBESITY: CAUSES, IMPLICATIONS, TREATMENT/PREVENTION

Obesity can be defined as the accumulation of excess fat in the body. A person that has a high body mass index can be said to be obesed according to medical doctors.

Body mass index is a tool used by doctors to ascertain a person’s appropriate weight for their height, sex and age. A BMI ranging between 25 and 29.9 indicates excess weight while 30 and above indicates obesity. An obesed person is at high risk of developing some health challenges like hypertension, type 2 diabetes, cancer etc. One can prevent the health challenges associated with obesity through increased physical activities, change in diet and behaviours, use of prescribed medications by doctors etc. These can assist in weight loss.

BMI Weight status Below 18.5 Underweight 18.5-24.9 Normal 25.0-29.9 Overweight 30.0-34.9 Obese (Class I) 35.0-39.9 Obese (Class II) 40.0 and higher Extreme obesity (Class III)

CAUSES OF OBESITY  Unhealthy eating habit: Intake of foods rich in calories without physical exercise can lead to obesity. Also intake of foods such as fatty processed meat, fast foods, foods with added sugars, baked food and sweeteners can lead to weight gain.

However to maintain a healthy weight, take more of fresh whole grain to enhance digestion.  Lack of sleep  Pregnancy  Hereditary  Age  Some medications

COMPLICATIONS Here are a number of serious health problems an obesed person may develop;  Diabetes type 2  Heart disease  Cancer such as cancer of uterus, prostrate, breast, bladder, liver etc  Stroke  Erectile dysfunction  Gynecological issues like infertility, irregular monthly flow  Breathing disorder

Quality of Life: An obesed person tends to experience diminished quality of life such as absence in social gatherings, poor sexual satisfaction, not fashionable (can’t get good fitting dress), depression, lower work achievement

PREVENTION: These steps can help one to prevent weight gain, also aid in weight loss.  Have a healthy eating plan: Concentrate more on low calorie nutrient dense food like whole grain , fruits and vegetables. Take in moderation high calorie food.  Exercise: Engage in jogging, walking, swimming, skipping etc to burn out some fats.  Check your weight regularly  Use of medical prescription  Surgery

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